The Benefits

All the benefits of a Classical Music Education. . . 

We make a very bold claim about the effectiveness of our approach to whole class music education, that 

“it delivers all the benefits of a classical music education but in a fraction of the time, at a fraction of the cost and for ALL pupils.”

and you’d be justified in wanting to know how we can support such an extravagant promise.

As a first step let’s define what we mean by “all the benefits of a classical music education”, and without getting into an argument about their relative importance, let’s list the main ones out under three headings: Life Skills, Musicianship, Academic Learning:

Life Skills – Empathy, Listening, Initiative, Creativity, Self-discipline, Teamwork
Musicianship – Instrumental skills, Improvisation skills, Performance skills, Aural memory
Academic Learning – In depth knowledge, Notation skills, Compositional skills

If the above is a reasonably complete list of the benefits of learning a classical musical instrument, then how does our world music-based approach measure up? Can it really deliver the same benefits? The following table scores classical instrumental and ensemble based learning and the world music-based approach for the scope they give in developing each of these skills.

ClassicalWorld Music
Life SkillsEmpathy55
Listening55
Initiative55
Creativity35
Self-discipline54
Teamwork55
MusicianshipInstrumental skills54
Improvisation skills15
Performance skills55
Aural memory55
Academic LearningIn-depth knowledge of the style / tradition53
Notation skills54
Compositional skills54

You may be surprised just how high world music-based learning scores, but the fact is that most of the major world music styles are ancient and sophisticated traditions with extensive repertoires and considerable scope for developing all the same skills that are needed for and developed by classical ensemble playing. It is mainly unfamiliarity that has tended to make many classical musicians assume that world music traditions are in some way musically inferior — in a reverse of the norm, unfamiliarity has bred contempt.

Now let’s look at the second part of our claim, that the approach delivers these all-important benefits

a) to ALL pupils
b) in a fraction of the time
c) at a fraction of the cost

a) The approach works for ALL pupils, regardless of ability and socio-economic background, because the instruments and the music are accessible. The basic playing techniques of most instruments can be picked up in less than an hour and although it may take hundreds or thousands of hours of dedicated practice to become a virtuoso djembe or gamelan player, many simple ensemble pieces can be played by complete beginners. So the instrument is not a barrier to progress. Similarly, the music is generally easily approachable (even if it’s foreign sounding to the classically trained western ear), and whole classes of children can be playing simple pieces successfully together right from the first lesson.

b) The inherent accessibility of the instruments and music is the key to fast progress – because the children can quickly make a good sound together, they are immediately engaged and encouraged to focus. Nothing succeeds like success and under the guidance of a good teacher its possible for a class of complete beginners to be performing together in front of the whole school after just a few hours. In a more normal situation, where the teacher is also new to the tradition and where there hasn’t been any expert input, it may take as many as 8 or 10 lessons for the class to get to performance level. But compare that with any classical musical instrument where 8 or 10 lessons might not even cover the basic playing techniques.

c) Fast progress of course reduces costs significantly – but so does the fact that experts are not needed. These world music traditions really can be taught by any enthusiastic generalist teacher, enabling schools to make use of in-house manpower to extend their music department capability with just the occasional injection of expertise. As a third cost-minimising factor, there’s the cost, durability and ease of maintenance of world musical instruments and the fact that one set of instruments can be used by the whole school – there’s no need for one instrument per pupil.

The following table shows the approximate cost per pupil per year of teaching world music traditions with and without additional CPD and pupil workshops given by visiting experts. Please note that the figures are in £ not £‘000 and are based on a school with 300 pupils. The cost-effectiveness of the approach is clear with total annual costs for all 300 pupils of between £250, if all the teaching is carried out in-house and £2,150, if visiting experts and CPD training is added to the mix.

Cost per pupil per year

StyleWithout extra CPD or visiting experts1.With extra CPD and visiting experts1.2.
World Percussion£0.9£6.9
African Drumming£0.8£6.8
Indonesian Gamelan£1.2£7.2
Brazilian Samba£1.0£7.0
Caribbean Steel Pans£1.4£7.4
Assumptions: 
1. School of 300 pupils in 10 classes of 30 pupils each. Cost of musical instruments written off over 1 year (percussion) or 5 years (other instruments)
2. Three lessons per class per year from a visiting expert. Three twilight sessions of professional development training per year for 10 class teachers

In conclusion, consider the above costs in the light of the benefits accruing to pupils, school and community and the speed with which the benefits will arise. There really is nothing that comes close to the educational cost-effectiveness of the Drums for Schools approach.